In the words of Cuong Do who is a software architect at YouTube.com: “Python is fast enough for our site and allows us to produce maintainable features in record times, with a minimum of developers.”This is very appropriate for Python as it is one of the most extensively used programming languages for web app development.
Most of the entrepreneurs hire python web developers as they have the potential to use a wide range of different web development frameworks that can transform their idea into reality very quickly. Two of the most well-known web development frameworks of Python are Django and Flask.
Both of these frameworks help programmers to build large-scale web apps without really developing them from scratch. Each of these frameworks has their own merits and demerits, but choosing one of them hugely depends upon your specific business needs. Let’s compare both of these frameworks in detail.
- Difference In Learning Curve
For new developers, Django has a slightly steeper learning curve in comparison to the Flask. But it provides you with the benefit of easily changing your development team in the mid of the development process or scaling the app with a top app development company after the completion of the project. It is a bit complex for a newbie to learn Django, but it is easier to understand the project’s architecture and conventions in this framework.
On the other hand, Flask is quite simple to learn and being minimalistic it provides programmers with all the essential features to develop a product prototype of the web app easily and quickly.
- Speed Of The Development Process
Django was originally built to facilitate rapid development of complex large-scale web applications. This framework is fully loaded with unique features and provide programmers with all the essential tools required to develop and deploy reliable, maintainable, and scalable, web applications easily in record time.
Flask on the other hand is based on a minimalist design approach and hence has a faster performance ratio as compared to Django. It is easier for the developers to handle hundreds of queries per second in this framework without any negative impact. Also, because of its flexible nature, it becomes easier for the programmers to create smaller web apps in short timeframes.
- The Ultimate Power Of The Community & Documentation
One of the best things about Django is that it is blessed with a huge active community of expert developers. This community is especially helpful in the case when programmers get stuck during the development process or when it’s the time to scale a web application. Also, this community has a wealth of useful documentation available that makes web development easier for the developers.
On the contrary, the community of Flask is not as big as Django. Also, the documentation of this framework is good, but the developers have to do some hard work in order to find what they’re looking for.
- Variation In The Degree Of Flexibility & Control Offered By These Two Web Development Frameworks
One of the most striking strengths of Flask is its simplicity and minimalism. There is a complete freedom for the programmers to implement everything in accordance with their requirements. Also, a wide range of external libraries and add-ons are available, which makes this framework more flexible and extensible.
Django on the other hand is fully loaded with built-in features and different modules because of which it offers far less control and freedom to the developers in comparison to the Flask.
- The Level Of Maturity
Django was first released in the year 2005 and originally focused on large web applications. This is why the framework has gathered numerous third party apps, extensions, and plugins which covers a wide range of developers’ needs.
Flask by comparison, is younger as it was first released in the year 2010. Therefore, it does not have the same range of alternatives available to it. But Flask has evolved immensely with time and has become one of the most extensively used frameworks for building small web applications.
Which Of These Two Web Development Frameworks Is Appropriate For Your Next Project?
It is mandatory for you to consider the specific requirements of your project prior to choosing one of these frameworks for your next web app development project. Some of the deciding factors are as follows:
- Size Of The Project
The size of the project is crucial while deciding which framework to choose. Django is specifically built to support more complex, high-end, and large-scale web apps. On the other hand, Flask is an ideal choice for less complex, smaller web applications.
In addition, you should also consider the future growth prospects of your project. As Django is fully featured out of the box, it becomes easier to scale the web apps built on this framework. On the contrary, being highly extensible and flexible, Flask allows developers to create most of the functionality themselves.
- Structure Of The Project
The structure of your web app also helps you in choosing one of these two web development frameworks. For instance, if you need different reasonable defaults and built-in features, Django will be the best choice for saving a lot of your development time and costs. If, by any chance, you need a highly customizable framework or particular libraries and tools, then Flask will be the ideal one for your next web app development project.
- Type Of The Project
Each of these web development frameworks are ideal for building certain types of web apps. A few of these are as follows:
- Flask will be appropriate for building a simple web app with static content. This is because the framework provides the developers with all the functionality required and wide scope for customization. On the other hand, Django is best for developing complex web apps with dynamic content.
- It is better to build an online web store using Django, as the framework is blessed with an ORM and includes various e-commerce modules.
- Django will be the best choice for online media because it was only the purpose for which the framework was originally built.
Overall, Django and Flask are diverse in terms of performance, speed, maturity, flexibility, and other factors. Both of these web development frameworks facilitate rapid development, but it is essential to consider individual project requirements in order to choose the best framework for building your next web app.